District Profile


Major Farming Systems/Enterprises (Based on the analysis made by the KVK)

S.N. Farming System/Enterprise
1 Paddy-Wheat-Fallow, Paddy-Wheat-Moong
2 Paddy-Wheat-Dhaincha, Maize-Toria-Wheat-Fallow
3 Groundnut-Pea vegetable- Groundnut
4 Groundnut-Wheat-Fallow
5 Okra-Vegetable Pea-Cucurbits.

Description of Agro-climatic Zone & Major Agro Ecological Situations (Based on soil and topography)

S.N. Agro-climatic Zone Characteristics
1 Central Plain Zone (Zone-IV)

S.N. Agro Ecological Situation Characteristics
1 Tremendous flood during the rainy seasons and miseries to the human and animal population.

Soil Type's

S.N. Soil Type Characteristics Area in ha
1 Alluvial, Calcareous and Salt affected Highly fertile Ca rich & usar soil 45890.00

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops cultivated in the district

S.N. Crop Area (ha) Production (Qtl) Productivity (Qtl /ha)
1 Food Grain 648
2 Sugarcane 14
3 Oilseed 14

Priority / Thrust Areas

S.N. Thrust Area
1 District has large salt affected area, hence low cost soil reclamation technology to be disseminated to make this land productive.
2 Suitable cropping systems need to be introduced in high water table areas.
3 Low crop productivity in comparison to State yield, thus HYV will be introduced
4 Unnao has sizable area under orchards namely mango. Malformation in mango is a major problem, which needs to be controlled through IPM.
5 Introduce IPM and IPNM technology in crops for improvement of soil and environmental health and to reduce chemical load.
6 Introduction of suitable salt tolerant varieties of rice, wheat, mustard, barley, sugarcane, vegetables etc.
7 The farmers are not aware to vaccination and deworming of animals, thus training required for farmers and farmwomen about animal health.
8 The breeds of different Livestock are nondescript which needs to be upgraded or crossbred by good germplasm of sire through Artificial Insemination
9 To train rural youths and farm women about mushroom production, bee keeping, vermicompost production, dairy farming, goat rearing, seed production and nursery of fruits, forestry and vegetable for upliftment of their socio economic status.
10 To train farmwomen about improved post harvest technology as well as entrepreneurship development.
11 Promotion of Nutrition gardening in rural sector for nutritional security.
12 Increase area of oilseed and pulses crop.
13 Introduce short durational varieties of summer and Kharif Groundnut
14 Use of Bio-fertilizers in oilseed and pulse crop for increase production.

Details of target and achievements of mandatory activities by KVK during 2015-16

OFT (Technology Assessment and Refinement)

Number of OFTs Total no. of Trials
Targets : 6
Achievement : 4
Targets : 65
Achievement : 58

FLD (Oilseeds, Pulses, Cotton, Other Crops/Enterprises)

Area in ha Number of Farmers
Targets : 100
Achievement : 63
Targets : 421
Achievement : 348

Integrated Crop Management

Problem Identified : Low productivity in and profitability in Mango orchard.

Technology Assessed : Performance of inter cropping of elephant footyam and turmeric in mango orchard

KVK Unnao conducted OFT to assess to performance of intercropping of elephant footyam and turmeric in Mango orchard in 15 to 20 years old mango orchard during 2015. The shade loving intercrop gave additional income from mango orchard. The mango growers are engaged throughout the year and obtain to extra income from mango orchard. T2 mango orchard (15 to 20 years old) + elephant footyam gave maximum net return Rs. 135000.00 than the T3 mango orchard (15 to 20 years old) + turmeric and T1 mango orchard sole crop (Farmers Practice). The performance of intercrop is given below:-

Source of Technology :- IIVR, Varanasi

KVK Unnao in U.P. conducted an On Farm Trail to assess or refine the impact of HYV of Tomato with ridge planting + stacking on the yield. Technique has realized a net return of Rs. 1,65,000.00 as compare to the local practice with net return of Rs. 72,000.00 and yield increase upto 34.6 %. The mango grower’s are engaged throughout the year & obtained extra income to orchard. The performance of intercrop is given below.

Number of OFTs Total no. of Trials
Targets : 6
Achievement : 4
Targets : 65
Achievement : 58

FLD (Oilseeds, Pulses, Cotton, Other Crops/Enterprises)

Technology Option No. of Trials Yield Q/ha Cast of Cultivation (Rs./ha.) Gross return (Rs./ha.) Net Return Rs./ha BCR
T1 - Farmers Practice (Mango orchard sole crop) 3 130 62000.00 195000.00 133000.00 1:3.14
T2 – Mango orchard (15-20 years old) orchard + Elephant footyam. 3 335 95500.00 335000.00 239500.00 1:3.51
T3 Mango orchard (15-20 years old) + Turmeric 3 150 64000.00 150000.00 86000.00 1:2.34

Live Stock Enterprises

Problem Definition : Post Calving anoestrus in Buffalo Resulting in long calving Interval & low milk production.

Technology Assessed : Management of Post Calving Anoestrus in Buffalo in Unnao district (U.P.)

Source of Technology :- IVRI, Izzat Nagar, Bareilly.

KVK, Unnao (U.P.), conducted a trial to find out suitable control / treatment for post calving anoestrus in buffalo. The conventional practice used by the farmer could not control the Post-Calving Anoestrus problem in Buffalo. So for the control of anoestrus a trial of feeding of mineral mixture with dewormer & hormonal herbal therapy was conducted.

Table: Effect of feeding of mineral mixture with Dewormer & Hormonal herbal therapy to control Post calving anoestrus in buffalo.

Technology Option No. of Trials No. of Animal Heat/Estrus No. of Animal Conceived % Conceived
T1 - Use of Mustard Cake (Farmer Practice) 10 2 0 0
T2 - Use of mineral Mixture and Dewormer (50 gm/day for 30 days + Bendofen 3gm orally once) 10 7 5 50
T3- T2 +Use of Herbal heat Inducer (Estrona Forte @ 1b.i.d. for 10 days) 10 9 9 90

Integrated Pest Management

Problem Identified : Loss in quality and quantity of Ripe Mango Fruits.

Technology Assessed or Refined : Integrated crop management of fruit fly in Mango.

Source of Technology :- CISH, Lucknow

Mango is an important crop of India however, there is high damage of fruit by fruit fly and resulting in poor quality of fruit and yield. KVK, Unnao has conducted On Farm Trail to assess the Integrated Management of fruit fly in Mango orchard during the season of Mango Crop in 2015. In T2 Pheromone trap (wooden block 5x5x5 cm. sock in ethanol, methyl eugenol and methyl parathion @6:4:1) were hung in trees during fruit period @ 12 traps/ha., traps were changed at 2 months interval & in T3 spraying of methyl parathion @ 1ml./lt was done. The detail of results obtained are given in table:-

Technology No. of Trail Yield/ha Cost of Cultivation (Rs./ha) Gross Return (Rs./ha) Net Return (Rs./ha) BCR
T1 - Farmer Practices 5 Total : 123.2
Marketable : 112.8
22900 166320 143420 7.26
T2 - IPM Package 5 Total : 138.80
Marketable : 132.70
24100 187380 163280 7.77
T3 - Spray of Methyl Parathion 5 Total : 134.8
Marketable : 128.3
25150 181980 156830 7.23

Storage Techniques

Problem definition : Pest Infestation in Stored Rice

Technology Assessed : Incidence of insects in stored Rice treated with herbs.

To solve aforesaid problem, incidence of pest infestation in stored Rice treated with herbs was assessed. For this 20 families were selected and in each family 21 samples having 100 gm rice in each sample were kept for trial as T1, T2 and T3. Every month occurrence of insects was counted which is presented in the table.

Table : Incidence of insects in stored Rice treated with Herbs :-

Month No of Trial T1 Farmers Practice (No Treatment) T2 Red Chilly @ 2% T3 Turmeric @ 2%
October 20 Average :
Range :
Average :
Range :
Average :
Range :
November 20 Average :
Range :
Average :
Range :
Average :
Range :
December 20 Average :
Range :
Average :
Range :
Average :
Range :
January 20 Average : 0.9
Range : 0-1
Average : 0.25
Range : 0-1
Average :
Range :
February 20 Average : 1.6
Range : 1-3
Average : 0.45
Range : 0-2
Average :
Range :
March 20 Average : 2.45
Range : 1-5
Average : 0.85
Range : 0-3
Average : 0.2
Range : 0-1
April 20 Average : 3.1
Range : 2-6
Average : 1.3
Range : 0-3
Average : 0.35
Range : 0-2

The data mentioned in above table indicates that during storage of Rice no occurrence of insects was found in any tested sample up to 3 months of storage. Whereas in case of Rice treated with turmeric no occurrence of insects were found up to 5 months and after that occurrence of insects were minimum as compare to T1 and T2. This technology was found economic and acceptable by the farm women.